History preservation has been practiced for centuries, with its roots stretching back to antiquity. As society advanced, so did the ways in which we choose to collect, store, and share information about our collective past. In this article, we will explore the origins of history preservation and examine how it has evolved over time.
Introduction to the Origins of History Preservation Review
The origins of History Preservation Review stems from the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. This act set out to provide protection for historic and archeological sites, monuments, and artifacts. It also aimed to preserve and protect them from destruction and damage from the forces of nature and human activity. Under the act, each state was required to appoint a Historic Preservation Officer, who was responsible for the protection of these areas. Additionally, a number of favorable tax policies were implemented to encourage the preservation of historic districts, buildings, and historical sites.
What is the Purpose of History Preservation Review?
The main purpose of History Preservation Review is to ensure that any construction or development projects that take place in an area of historic significance do not disturb or damage these cultural landmarks and artifacts. This includes both the physical sites and monuments, and the intangible aspects of history, such as stories, legends, and customs. Thus, the review process looks into various aspects of a proposed project to make certain that it is compatible with the historical significance of the area.
The review process may lead to an approval recommendation from the Historic Preservation Officer, or it may lead to a set of conditions that must be met before the project may move forward. Such conditions may include to limit the development in order to minimize the impact on historic sites, to use particular materials in the construction process, or to use land in certain ways. Additionally, the review may also require a Cultural Resources Survey to assess any potential cultural or archaeological impact of the proposed project.
When is History Preservation Review Imperative?
In general, any construction or development project that is located on or near a site that is considered to be of cultural or historical importance must undergo a review process. This includes buildings, structures, or sites that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and it also includes buildings, structures, or sites that are located in historic areas. This review process is also applicable to projects that receive federal funding, and projects that are located on or within the boundary of a State or Tribal Historic Preservation Program. Furthermore, the review process is also applicable to projects that are located on or within projects that are considered to be significant in American history, architecture, archaeology, engineering, culture, or Science.
On occasion, the review process may not be necessary even if a proposed project is located near a historic site. For example, if the proposed project does not feel the historic resource or if the site is not likely to be disturbed or altered by the proposed project. In these cases, a determination must be made as to whether a Section 106 Review is necessary or not.
The determination as to whether a project requires a review process is made by the State Historic Preservation Officer. This officer may require a specific scope of work in order to make an informed decision on the proposed project. Such a scope of work may include an Archaeological Overview, Natural resources Review, Historical Review, or a Technical Analysis of the proposed project. Ultimately, the outcome of the review process impacts on the future of a historic site and its most important resources.